Biggest difference between New England and colonies to the south was that while Chesapeake and Carolinas were in many ways extension of commercial revolution of early modern england, puritan settlements were Spanish french english colonies only an extension Spanish french english colonies it Massachusetts Bay Company but also a reaction against it.
Settlers received water for irrigation in proportion to their acreage which was in proportion to rank. As in Caribbean, scarcity of labor led to importation of African slave population, as well as to use of indentured labor and headright system to encourage population growth.
Tobacco very labor and soil intensive: French pattern of living in cities along St. RESULT of these land systems combined with demands of tobacco agriculture and geography of Chesapeake region wide, navigable rivers to create very dispersed population Spanish french english colonies contrast to Spanish or French.
All three countries were able to weaken the Certainly inland, if anywhere, we might find the "subsistence" family farm that Carolyn Merchant describes on pp. European colonies in the Americas varied in many important aspects. New England also traded with England timber, fish, furs --but primary goal of Colony was self-sufficiency, and this was replicated, to an extent still hotly debated by historians, at the village and family farm level.
Earliest English settlers in Carolinas came from Barbados where they had run sugar plantations along Spanish model with African slaves. John Winthrop was "setting the price" in Massachusetts long after "free market" forces had obliterated this practice in Old England.
Desire to live close together meant concentrated settlement--in 17C town held all land and dispersed it according to need. A cash crop is generally a non-food item like cotton or tobacco and is marked by a lack of variety in farming.
Their numbers were much smaller and they were committed to trading with the Native Americans and had a much friendlier and symbiotic relationship with the Indians. Of course, family farms grouped around religious community was main pattern in 17C New England.
Indies, Spanish established sugar plantations; when Natives died imported African slave labor remaking population of Caribbean; in Mexico used Native Population to mine gold; when this population died, Spanish in SW turned to ranching and farming.
The French, on the other hand, were not nearly as committed as the other two in building permanent colonies. Virginia Company of London established to extract gold from Virginia, created outpost in Jamestown in Earliest Massachusetts towns had nucleated settlement with outlying fields and common pastureland at the time when pastures were being fenced and enclosed in old England.
This meant that while Chesapeake and Carolinas were transforming huge tracts of land to produce tobacco and rice for market, New England and Middle Colony farmers were growing cereals and staples similar to what they would be growing in England, and producing items for local trade.
The Spanish and English were determined to build permanent colonies in the New World. Mid-Atlantic colonies topography and navigable rivers led to dispersed settlement pattern. Sugar did not do well in Carolinas, but west African slaves planters brought with them introduced new crop--rice--which was Carolinas major export throughout 18C.
It did this by attempting to enslave the native populations and then conquering them. The English attempted to establish colonies in the Americas that produced cash crops.
In many ways, their model community very much resembled medieval village in settlement pattern, ties of religious obligation, and especially effort to regulate individual social and economic behavior.
The Spanish, as the first to breach the New World, attempted to loot the continent of its silver and gold. Beyond houses were common pastures, woodlots, and private holdings assigned to each family based on military rank: The English did not attempt to acculturate the Native populations and generally acquired their land and forced the Indians toward the frontiers.
After the Spanish conquered the lands from the indigenous people, they worked hard to acculturate and proselytize them to become Spanish.
A complete new ethnic group of mixed Spanish-Indian descent emerged in Latin America as a result of this process mestizo. Both Spanish and French had considerable trade with Native population and contacts resulted in substantial metis and mestizo populations.
Was "breadbasket" of Colonial America like Iowa or Kansas today. Dutch in New York, Welsh and Swedes in PA, plus communal settlements of religious dissenters--Moravians from Germany--meant that look of land varied with diverse building practices stone barns and cultivation methods settlers brought with them from Europe.
By contrast, family farm with children providing labor rather than slaves or indentures became prevailing mode of agricultural production in English middle colonies and New England. The only real similarity between the three countries colonial ambitions is that they were all done to make a profit for the motherland.
Unable to find gold, but in English began planting tobacco. All three countries were able to weaken the Native Americans with a variety of germs for which the natives had not built up an immunity.
Pattern repeated itself in mid-late 19C with German and Scandinavian immigrants farmers in the upper midwest. Following Columbus voyages to W.The English Colonies In the s, English settlers arrived in North America –English colonization differed from Spanish & French because the English gov’t had no desire to create a centralized empire in the New World –Different motivations by English settlers led to different types of colonies.
How&were&the& French&and& Dutch&similar&in& their colonization&of& the&Americas?& & & & & & & & & & • South&Carolinaand&theWest&Indies&W&focused&on. English, French, and Spanish Colonies: A Comparison English Colonies Most colonies established by royal char-ter.
Earliest settlements were in Virginia and Massachusetts but soon spread all along the Atlantic coast, from Maine to Spanish Colonies Crown-sponsored conquests gained rich. Comparing Settlement Patterns: New Spain, New France, New England Early Spanish, French, & English permanent settlements tried to transplant European forms into the "new world" environment, in the effort to make the new world environment look like the old one.
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